Biofuel Basics | Department of Energy
ETHANOL. Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is a renewable fuel that can be made from various plant materials, collectively known as " biomass .". Ethanol is an alcohol used as a blending agent with gasoline to increase octane and cut down carbon monoxide and other smogcausing emissions. The most common blend of ethanol is E10 (10% ethanol, 90% gasoline).